Friday, June 15, 2012

59 Areas of Agreement between Paul and the book of Matthew Alone

As I said in a recent post, I showed how there is a remarkable and numerous similarities between what Jesus said about the second coming, and what Paul said about it. I leave that part out, since I have another post on Matthew 24-25 and agreement with Paul.

I am very lazy and did not put citations by this. But what I did was go through the teachings found only in Matthew and wrote where Paul agreed. Most of these are teachings in undisputed Pauline letters:
  1. aversion to testing God/Christ 
  2. Rejoicing in persecution for Christ
  3. The sad will be comforted
  4. Against antinomianism 
  5. Christ is the goal of the Law
  6. A high priority to get rid of anger between brothers
  7. Negative view of lust
  8. Eternal implications for living a lifestyle of anger or lust
  9. "Yes, yes" and "no, no"
  10. Same teachings of view 
  11. Rather to let the person with the lawsuit win than to sue back
  12. Not retaliating
  13. Greed is idolatry 
  14. Those who judge others are hypocritical 
  15. do not worry/ pray with requests/ God will supply the needs of those who serve him
  16. Asks for good gifts (Paul interprets this as spiritual gifts)
  17. The saved are apparently a minority 
  18. Bearing "fruit" to good deeds or to bad deeds
  19. Those who don't bear fruit are "destroyed" or "destruction"
  20. "Kingdom of God" an eschatological reality, entrance of which contingent upon performing God's will
  21. Building a good house on a good foundation 
  22. People from the whole word will come to God's kingdom, while many of those originally in the kingdom would be rejected 
  23. Jesus is in relative poverty 
  24. Christ comes to call and save sinners
  25. Christ is the groom
  26. Gaining new converts is called getting a "harvest"
  27. God's servants are worthy to be paid
  28. Paul a witness to Gentile politicians
  29. Confessing Jesus needed for salvation
  30. God conceals truth from the wise, and reveals it to people of humble knowledge 
  31. People of Christ are "brothers"
  32. "sowing"/"reaping" and as a result "reaping" a "harvest"
  33. Both quote Isaiah about callous heart and not hearing and understanding
  34. Money causes people to fall away from Jesus (Timothy)
  35. Foods do not defile a person
  36. Jews demand miracles 
  37. Jesus is the Messiah
  38. Jesus comes with the Father and angels 
  39. God repays according to deeds
  40. Everything is given up for sake of Christ
  41. "Take up their cross and follow me" and Paul's being "crucified with Christ"
  42. Having a faith that moves mountains 
  43. Christ is above human rulers but still pay taxes nonetheless
  44. keeping someone from "stumbling" into sin
  45. Jesus doesn't want anyone (little ones?) to perish
  46. Do not associate with brothers who persist in sin
  47. Forgive as God forgave you
  48. Idea of no divorce, but singleness to serve the kingdom of God a higher path for those who can bear it
  49. Christ's humility and love an example to serve one another
  50. Jesus is the cornerstone and stumbling block
  51. Pay taxes
  52. Resurrection of the dead at end of time
  53. Messiah is the Son of David 
  54. Messiah is the Lord
  55. "Gospel" will be preached throughout the world
  56. References to the "Father" the "Son" and the "Holy Spirit"
  57. Jesus was crucified 
  58. Jesus was betrayed 
  59. Jesus rose from the dead and appeared to followers

Again I am very lazy so I have not cited this. But if anyone reads this and wants citations I will provide them the moment they are requested......

But again the issue is raised. It's relatively easy to show that the direction of the "borrowing" of the ideas would be Paul borrowing from actual teachings of Jesus, not people inventing parables that cherry pick and stylistically change Paul. After all, you can't say Paul misrepresents Jesus and at the same time say that those who wrote the Gospels borrowed from Paul. (However, I have no idea of anyone who claims this to begin with.)

So if Paul is making allusions to Jesus teachings in the 50's and 60's A.D., then that means that material in the gospels is much earlier, and likely from eyewitnesses, whom Paul knew. (see my argument for this here).

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